One of the most immediate and significant impacts of natural disasters is the sudden and wide-scale breakdown or interruption of communications infrastructure. When public communication network fails, it has the ability to wipe out access to standard mobile or landline telecommunications, in addition to Internet and even satellite-based emergency communication devices.
Unavailability of communication infrastructure during a natural disaster can make a difference between life and death of those affected. Locating those who may be trapped or injured becomes nearly impossible for emergency responders and rescue efforts are further complicated by the inability to coordinate via standard methods of communication.
The Nokia Savings Lives innovation using drones brings instant communication service allowing uninterrupted rescue work. The Nokia’s ultra-compact Network in a backpack solution can be attached to a large weather balloon or mounted under a drone. This brings instant high speed broadband connections using 4G that provides local network connectivity and video streaming at the disaster sites.
Additionally, using infra-red imagery from a swarm of drones connected via this instant 4G network, scanning the impacted areas and streaming live video to the rescuers save those vital minutes that make a crucial difference between life and death of people affected.
Nokia savings lives is currently planned as a sustainability activity of Nokia. Together with leading NGOs or governments in countries we want to deploy the LTE network solution in case of disasters together with the drones. We want to have drones managed over the LTE network, and their applications streaming the data directly back to the control centre. Additionally Nokia Saving Lives plans to provide where needed the operational team for setup and management of network and drones.
Nokia Savings Lives in summary brings the following innovation
1. Low weight communication equipment capable of being carried via drones, weather balloons or even as a backpack
2. Communication network setup for the disaster area in minutes
3. Large radio coverage covering several sq kms of the impacted areas during a disaster
4. LTE network deployment for rescuers Voice and Data communication over LTE
5. Drone flight management over LTE network
6. Drone application data streaming
7. High video streaming capacity over LTE network
8. Drone Data Analysis in ground control on site or remotely in the cloud
9. Flying beyond line of sight during disaster situations
10. Swarm flying for coverage and diversity
11. Multitude of applications
12. Nokia people deployed in an embedded mode with the humanitarian rescuers/NGO